Seton Hall University is a private Roman Catholic university in South Orange, New Jersey, United States. Founded in 1856 by Archbishop James Roosevelt Bayley, Seton Hall is the oldest diocesan university in the United States. Seton Hall is also the oldest and largest Catholic university in the State of New Jersey. The university is known for its programs in business, law, education, nursing, and diplomacy.
Seton Hall is made up of nine different schools and colleges with an undergraduate enrollment of about 5,200 students and a graduate enrollment of about 4,500. Its School of Law, which is ranked by US News & World Report as one of the top 100 law schools in the nation, has an enrollment of about 1,200 students. For 2009, BusinessWeek's "Colleges with the Biggest Returns" ranked Seton Hall among the top 50 universities in the nation that open doors to the highest salaries. Seton Hall's Stillman School of Business is ranked 56 out of the top 100 undergraduate business schools and #1 in the state of New Jersey according to BusinessWeek.
The Seton Hall College of Medicine and Dentistry was the first school of medicine in the State of New Jersey. The school was acquired by the state in 1965, and is now the New Jersey Medical School, part of the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey.
Like many Catholic universities in the United States, Seton Hall arose out of the Plenary Council of American Bishops, held in Baltimore, Maryland in 1844, with the goal of bringing Catholicism to higher education in order to help propagate the faith. The Diocese of Newark had been established by Pope Pius IX in 1853, just three years before the founding of the college, and it necessitated an institution for higher learning. Seton Hall College was formally founded on September 1, 1856 by Archdiocese of Newark Bishop James Roosevelt Bayley, a cousin of President Theodore Roosevelt. Bishop Bayley named the institution after his aunt, Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton, who was later named the first American-born Catholic saint.
The main campus of the college was originally in Madison, New Jersey. Reverend Bernard J. McQuaid served as the first college president (1856–1857, 1859–1868) and directed a staff of four diocesan clergy including Reverend Alfred Young, vice-president; Reverend Daniel Fisher (the second college president, 1857–1859) and five lay instructors. Initially, Seton Hall had only five students – Leo G. Thebaud, Louis and Alfred Boisaubin, Peter Meehan and John Moore. By the end of the first year, the student body had grown more than tenfold to 54.
By the 1860s, Seton Hall College was continuing its rapid growth and began to enroll more and more students each year. However, among other difficulties, several fires on campus slowed down the growth process. The first of several strange fires in the University's history occurred in 1867 which destroyed the college’s first building. Two decades later on March 9, 1886, another fire destroyed the university’s main building. In the 20th century, another campus fire burned down a classroom as well as several dormitory buildings in 1909.During the 19th century, despite setbacks, financially tight times and the American Civil War, the College continued to expand. Seton Hall opened a military science department (forerunner to the ROTC program) during the summer of 1893, but this program was ultimately disbanded during the Spanish-American War. Perhaps one of the most pivotal events in the history of Seton Hall came in 1897 when Seton Hall’s preparatory (high school) and college (undergraduate) divisions were permanently separated. By 1937, Seton Hall established a University College. This marked the first matriculation of women at Seton Hall. Seton Hall became fully coeducational in 1968. In 1948, Seton Hall was given a license by the FCC for WSOU-FM. Today, the station is considered by some as one of the leading college radio stations in the country.
The College was organized into a university in 1950 following an unprecedented growth in enrollment. The College of Arts and Sciences and the schools of business, nursing and education comprised the University; the School of Law opened its doors in 1951, with Miriam Rooney as the first woman dean of law in the United States.
The school's sports teams are called the Pirates. They participate in the NCAA's Division I and in the Big East Conference. The college established its first basketball squad in 1903. Seton Hall canceled football (which was played in Division III) in 1982.
Seton Hall athletics is best known for its men's basketball program, which won the National Invitation Tournament (NIT) in 1953, and lost in the finals of the 1989 NCAA Tournament to Michigan, 80–79 in overtime. Seton Hall currently participates at the Division I level in baseball, basketball, women's basketball, cross country running, men's golf, soccer, women's soccer, softball, swimming, diving, women's tennis, indoor and outdoor track & field, and volleyball sports.
Seton Hall also has club sports in ice hockey, rugby union, and Men's volleyball. All Seton Hall sports have their home field on the South Orange campus except for the men's ice hockey team and the men's basketball team, which currently plays at the Prudential Center in Newark, New Jersey after previously calling the Meadowlands home.
Notes and references Edit
- ↑ "Seton Hall University History". Social Science Research Network. 2007. http://www.ssrn.com/update/ern/ernjob/job272.html. Retrieved 2007-04-04.
- ↑ "Graduate School Rankings". US News and World Report. 2007. Archived from the original on September 16, 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060916145804/http://law.shu.edu/administration/public_relations/press_releases/2006/usnews_rankings_06.htm. Retrieved 2007-04-04.
- ↑ Phrashant, Gopal (2008). "The Colleges with the Biggest Returns: These Sheepskins Will Make You the Most Cash". BusinessWeek. http://images.businessweek.com/ss/08/08/0807_college_grads/40.htm?chan=search. Retrieved 2008-08-16.
- ↑ "Top Undergraduate Business Programs 2010". BusinessWeek. 2010. http://bwnt.businessweek.com/bschools/undergraduate/10rankings/. Retrieved 2010.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 "Higher Education Seeks to Instill Knowledge and Faith". Archdiocese of Newark Website. 2007. http://www.rcan.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=feature.display&feature_ID=105. Retrieved 2008-01-04.
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 6.2 Delozier, Alan, et al. "History of Seton Hall". Walsh Library Archives.
- ↑ "NCAA Division 1 Varsity Sports". Seton Hall University. http://www.bigeast.org/ViewArticle.dbml?&DB_OEM_ID=19400&ATCLID=1150047. Retrieved 2008-01-03.[dead link]
- ↑ "Member Schools". BIG EAST Conference Athletics. http://www.bigeast.org/ViewArticle.dbml?&DB_OEM_ID=19400&ATCLID=1150047. Retrieved 2008-01-03.[dead link]
- ↑ "New book spotlights history of SHU b-ball". The Setonian. http://domapp01.shu.edu/depts/affairs/setonian.nsf/d5b2806150d5195f85256adc006592cd/0734fa0cae690ff785256c870007a89a?OpenDocument. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
- ↑ "Club Sports". Seton Hall Athletics. http://www.shupirates.com/ViewArticle.dbml?&DB_OEM_ID=12600&ATCLID=885374&SPID=5524&SPSID=52943. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
- ↑ "Seton Hall University Men's Basketball Joins Roster At Newark's Prudential Center". New Jersey Devils. Archived from the original on June 6, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070606222824/http://www.newjerseydevils.com/njd/theteam/teamnews/prucenter_setonhall.php. Retrieved 2007-06-18.