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The Playoff Bowl (officially, the Bert Bell Benefit Bowl) was a post-season game for third place in the NFL, played ten times following the 1960-69 seasons. Bell was a co-founder of the Philadelphia Eagles as well as a co-owner of the Pittsburgh Steelers during much of the 1940s. He was the commissioner of the NFL from 1946 until his death in October 1959, which occurred while attending an Eagles-Steelers game.

LocationsEdit

All ten games in the Playoff Bowl series were contested at the Orange Bowl in Miami. The games were played in January, the week following the NFL championship game (and the collegiate Orange Bowl game on New Year's Day). The NFL's Pro Bowl (all-star game) was played the week after the Playoff Bowl.

HistoryEdit

After the 1959 season, NFL owners faced competition from the newly formed American Football League and wanted a vehicle through which to showcase more of its supposedly superior NFL professional football product on television. At the time, unlike the AFL, which had a contract with ABC-TV for nationally televised games, often double-headers, few NFL games were televised during the season and there was only one scheduled post-season game, the NFL Championship Game. The Playoff Bowl was devised to match the second-place teams from the NFL's two conferences (Eastern & Western). This doubled from two to four the number of top NFL teams appearing in post-season play on national television.

The 1966 season required another game following the American Football League Championship Game and the NFL Championship Game, the first of four AFL-NFL World Championship Games between the champions of the two major Professional Football leagues for the undisputed championship. The establishment of the AFL-NFL World Championship Game (Super Bowl was not its official name until Super Bowl III) was the first phase of the AFL-NFL merger of June 1966. This new mega-game between the rival leagues was played in mid-January at a warm weather location, two weeks after the championship games for each league. The NFL's Playoff Bowl was played during the idle week, and because of the major-league status of the AFL, interest in the game was waning.

In the 1967 season, the NFL expanded to 16 teams and four scheduled post-season contests. The NFL sub-divided its two conferences (now 8 teams each) into two divisions of four teams each: The Capitol and Century divisions in the Eastern conference, and the Central & Coastal divisions in the Western conference. The four division winners advanced to the post-season, competing for their conference titles in the first round of the NFL playoffs. The winners (conference champions) advanced to the NFL championship game, the losers (conference runners-up) appeared in the Playoff Bowl to vie for third place. For the three seasons (1967-69) preceding the 1970 merger with the AFL, the loser of the NFL's third place game ended up with a peculiar record of 0-2 for that post-season.

The end of the Playoff BowlEdit

When the merger was completed for the 1970 season, there was discussion about continuing the Playoff Bowl, with the losers of the AFC and NFC Championship Games playing each other during the idle week before the Super Bowl. There were now seven post-season games in the NFL (three for each conference, plus the Super Bowl), and the Pro Bowl all-star game. A "loser's game" was not necessarily attractive for the league, and the Playoff Bowl came to an end.

Official statusEdit

Although the ten Playoff Bowls were official third place playoff games at the time they were played, the NFL currently classifies them as exhibition games, and does not include them in the official results (or statistics) for the post-season.

CriticismEdit

Vince Lombardi detested the Playoff Bowl, coaching in the games following the 1963 and 1964 seasons, after winning NFL titles in 1961 and 1962. To his players, he called it "the 'Shit Bowl', ...a losers' bowl for losers." This lack of motivation may explain his Packers' rare postseason defeat in the 1964 game (January 1965) to the St. Louis Cardinals. After that loss, he fumed about "a hinky-dink football game, held in a hinky-dink town, played by hinky-dink players. That's all second place is – hinky dink."[1]

Using the Playoff Bowl (and loss) as motivation in 1965, the Packers won the first of three consecutive NFL championships from 1965-67. As of 2010, the Packers are the only NFL team ever to achieve this "three-peat" in the post-season era (which began in 1933). During this successful run, the Packers also won the first two Super Bowls in convincing fashion. In an ironic twist, Lombardi's final game (and victory) as head coach of the Packers was Super Bowl II, played in "rinky-dink" Miami's Orange Bowl in January 1968.

All-Pro defensive tackle Roger Brown appeared in five Playoff Bowls, the most by any player, and was on the winning side each time (Detroit Lions, 1960–61–62; Los Angeles Rams, 1967, 1969). He said playing in those seemingly meaningless contests was like having "the worst inferiority complex." He added, "I was in five of them, and to have played in it five in the ten years it was in existence is pitiful."[1]

LegacyEdit

One vestige of the Playoff Bowl remained through the 2008 season in that the head coaches of the losing teams from the conference championship games were the head coaches of their conferences' Pro Bowl teams. From 1980 to 2009, this all-star game has been played at Aloha Stadium in Honolulu the Sunday following the Super Bowl. However, in 2010, the Pro Bowl moved to Miami, just as the Playoff Bowl was, and was played the week before Super Bowl XLIV (as the Playoff Bowl was in the Super Bowl era). The game will return to Hawaii for 2011 and 2012, with future sites to be determined.

For the 2009 season, a new rule for determining the Pro Bowl coaches resulted in the disappearance of one Playoff Bowl legacy. The coaching staffs for the 2010 Pro Bowl did not come from the losers of the conference championship games, but instead from the teams with the best regular-season records among those that lost in the divisional round of the playoffs in each conference.[2]

Playoff Bowl resultsEdit

All ten games were played at the Orange Bowl in Miami, Florida.

Season Date Winner Score Runner up
1960January 7, 1961 Detroit Lions (1) 17-16 Cleveland Browns
1961January 6, 1962 Detroit Lions (2) 38-10Philadelphia Eagles
1962January 6, 1963 Detroit Lions (3) 17-10Pittsburgh Steelers
1963January 5, 1964 Green Bay Packers (1) 40-23 Cleveland Browns
1964January 3, 1965 St. Louis Cardinals (1) 24-17 Green Bay Packers
1965January 9, 1966 Baltimore Colts (1) 35-3Dallas Cowboys
1966January 8, 1967 Baltimore Colts (2) 20-14 Philadelphia Eagles
1967January 7, 1968 Los Angeles Rams (1) 30-6 Cleveland Browns
1968January 5, 1969 Dallas Cowboys (1) 17-13 Minnesota Vikings
1969January 3, 1970 Los Angeles Rams (2) 31-0Dallas Cowboys
NumTeamWLPCT
3Detroit Lions301.00
3Dallas Cowboys12.333
3Cleveland Browns03.000
2Baltimore Colts201.00
2Los Angeles Rams201.00
2Green Bay Packers11.500
2Philadelphia Eagles02.000
1St. Louis Cardinals101.00
1Minnesota Vikings01.000
1Pittsburgh Steelers01.000

BroadcastersEdit

Season Network Play-by-play Color commentator(s) Sideline reporter(s)
1969[3] CBS Jack Whitaker Frank Gifford and Don Perkins
1968[4] CBS Ray Scott Paul Christman Frank Glieber
1967[5] CBS Frank Glieber Frank Gifford
1966[6] CBS Chuck Thompson Tom Brookshier
1965[7] CBS Frank Glieber (first half) and Chuck Thompson (second half) Pat Summerall
1964[8] CBS Jack Drees (first half) and Earl Gillespie (second half) Frank Gifford
1963[9] CBS Ray Scott (first half) and Ken Coleman (second half) Frank Gifford
1962[10] CBS Chris Schenkel (first half) and Ray Scott (second half) Warren Lahr
1961[11] CBS Chris Schenkel (first half) and Van Patrick (second half) Johnny Lujack

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

This page uses content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Playoff Bowl.
The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with American Football Database, the text of Wikipedia is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.